Mar 29, 2016

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In 2010, Pangalengan area in Bandung regency was hit by landslides. The disaster destroyed many houses and public
infrastructure in the area. To recover the condition in that area, Urbane Community joined disaster response action from Harian Seputar Indonesia. Then, Harian Seputar Indonesia together with Urbane Community, supported by MNC group and Sindo Newspaper, helped the Pangalengan community by designing and building Madrasah Hidayatul Islam PAUD TK/TPA school from Yayasan Usaha Pembinaan Pendidikan Islam (YUPPI). The school is expected to be the pilot of the earthquake resistant school.

After socializing the design and construction of this school to the community and gathering the input from residents, the design process is completed. There are some problems/constraints in designing the school. The first constraint is the limited land. The design of the school is tailored to the needs of teaching and learning space in general; the challenge is to organize the spaces as efficient as possible. Another obstacle is the lack of funds. Thus, creativity in the selection of materials and construction methods is crucial. Materials are chosen based on its simplicity, its availability in the area, as well as its earthquake friendly character, such as local wood and weaved-bamboo material
for walls and floor. Even if the materials are simple, but the design maximizes the aesthetic value and high  functionality. The project also wants to use local resources as much as possible, including labor. Thus, any
design / image to be built must be made within a three -dimensional image with a high level of detail so that the local craftsmen -who do not understand the working drawings will understand.

Because this is a pilot for an earthquake-resistant school, the design approach was derived from the design of the structure that is responsive to the earthquake. The joints between the pole and the floor, and the column in second floor are designed so that the building will be able to move along with the earthquake. In addition, the selected
material for the wall is a lightweight and flexible material such as woven bamboo. The safety of children is a
priority, thus the use of glass in the window is avoided to reduce the risk of earthquakes. The building is an addition of 6 classrooms, which consists of 4 units of 2-storey building, and 2 units of 1 floor building with a flexible design that can also be used as a multipurpose room. The school was unveiled in September 2010.


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